Bayard Group
A group within the Belgian resistance during the occupation of Belgium in World War II.

Belgian National Movement
A group within the Belgian resistance during the occupation of Belgium in World War II.

A collaboration with the enemy. The term is derived from the French verb collaborer, meaning 'to cooperate'. The specific negative meaning was given to the word during and after World War II because of the collaboration of many Belgians with the Germans.

De Wilde (Maurice)
(1923-1998) Belgian investigative journalist and television producer who, especially in the 1980s and 1990s, made many programmes on the then BRT about collaboration and resistance during the Second World War. His programmes brought the Second World War into (Flemish) living rooms

Dietse Blauwvoetvendels
At the VNV, the youth section for boys was called the Dietsche Blauwvoetvendels.

Type of military police active in occupied Belgium.

Freisler (Roland)
Roland Freisler (1893-1945) was a German National Socialist jurist, state secretary of the Ministry of Justice and president of the so-called Volksgerichtshof. He took part in the Wannsee Conference, sentenced Hans Scholl and Sophie Scholl (of the White Rose) to death and led the mock trials of participants in the July 1944 military conspiracy against Hitler.

Secret Army (The)
The Secret Army was an armed Belgian resistance group during World War II.

General de Hennin de Boussu-Walcourt
(1879-1965) Lieutenant-General in the Belgian army, involved in the Eighteen-Day Campaign, among other things.

Heinrich Himmler (1900-1945) was the leader of the SS (Reichsführer-SS) and one of the main leaders of the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP). Himmler was one of those primarily responsible for the Holocaust.

Colonel Michotte
(1918-1999) A Belgian lieutenant colonel and resistance fighter. When Allied troops approached Wolfenbüttel, the SS guards wanted to kill all prisoners during the evacuation to Brandenburg. Due to his cold-blooded action, Michotte was able to escape execution along with 12 sick prisoners.

NN decree
The NN Decree (December 1941) stipulated that German courts-martial in occupied territory could prosecute resistance fighters for severe offences within a week. If unsuccessful, the occupying forces would take them to Germany in the utmost secrecy to try them there afterwards. Because no one is informed of the deportee's fate, it seems as if the suspect has disappeared 'into night and fog'. With these draconian measures, the occupying forces hoped to deter both the outside world and the resistance.

The Belgian Resistance in World War II is the collective name for all individuals and groups who resisted the German occupation of Belgium during World War II. The resistance is also called the resistance and resistance members "resisters".

Scholl (Hans and Sophie)
Main characters of the Weisse Rose. Judge Roland Freisler tried them. They were both sentenced to death.

(The) Resistance occurred in all occupied countries during World War II. It ranged from reading resistance newspapers to hiding downed pilots or rebelling armed against the occupiers themselves. The Communist resistance was among the fiercest groups because the Communist ideology was, in many ways, the exact opposite of that of the Nazis. Germany itself also had several resistance groups.

A volksgericht or own trial by the popular community refers to a display presented as legal proceedings or justice but with a predetermined outcome. There is often no defence of any kind for the accused.

The Vlaamsch Nationaal Verbond, or VNV, was a Flemish-nationalist party sympathetic to Nazi Germany, founded in 1933 by Staf Declercq. During World War II, it officially collaborated with the German occupier.

Weisse Rose
White Rose was a German resistance group during World War II. The group called for non-violent resistance to the Nazi regime. They printed anti-war pamphlets and distributed them in major Austrian and German cities.

Black Hand (The)
The Black Hand was a resistance movement during World War II mainly active in Klein-Brabant and the Rupel region. The group was founded in 1940, but barely a year later, almost all its members were arrested, sentenced to death or sent to concentration camps.

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